When We Met Other Human Species

PBS Eons
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We all belong to the only group of hominins on the planet today. But we weren’t always alone. 100,000 years ago, Eurasia was home to other hominin species, some of which we know our ancestors met, and spent some quality time with.
Thanks to Julio Lacerda and Fabrizio de Rossi from Studio 252mya for their wonderful hominin illustrations. You can find more of their work here:
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Science et technologie



9 juil. 2019




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Commentaires 5 444
PBS Eons
PBS Eons Il y a 2 mois
Some commenters have pointed out that calling Neanderthals and Denisovans “other hominin species” in this episode breaks the rules of the biological species concept (BSC), which says if two things can interbreed, then they’re the same species. Some paleoanthropologists would agree. They consider both Neanderthals and Denisovans to be subspecies of Homo sapiens, rather than separate species. Other experts would say that Neanderthals have a set of features that make them clearly distinguishable from Homo sapiens, putting them outside the range of variation we include in our species. And we hardly know the Denisovans - like we said in the video, they don’t even have a scientific name yet. The incredible thing about this is that we can even think about applying the BSC to fossils at all. The BSC is a species concept based on living organisms, and it’s only been within the last two decades or so that we’ve had the ancient DNA and the technology to test hypotheses about interbreeding in extinct groups. And it’s not the only way to define a species, either, so it will likely be a while (if ever) before anthropologists decide whether we’re a different species, subspecies, or population from the Neanderthals and Denisovans. (Darcy Shapiro, PhD, script editor)
rh1507 Il y a 8 jours
It seems illogical that our species could successfully breed with a different biped species. Of course there are several variations of our species but we are all of the same species.
Adela Hogarth
Adela Hogarth Il y a 10 jours
They weren't different species. I'm a reptile handler enthusiast in Australia and there's perfect examples of one species looking so radically different, with vastly different hunting strategies, egg-clutching behaviour, and general size and appearance ... and yet they're the same species. The common carpet python and the diamond python. Both of them morelia spilota... Their personalities, colouration, hunting strategies, and even their average clutch sizes are wildly divergent. Both of them interbreed and produce fertile young. Both of them produce hybrids. That being said, in the wild they had become geographically locked into different environments with the Holocene epoch, and over thousands of generations have become very different looking and behaviourally incongruent subspecies of the whole. And these differences are worlds apart on their own, just not enough to create two distinct species. Another common example? Dogs. All of them have been carefully bred and undertaken significant animal husbandry that you can have dogs the size of your hand, to dogs that weigh as much as a person. Still the same species.
ChickenFish Il y a 12 jours
@Olav big cats can breed even hybrid ones male or female.theyre are more likely to be sterile.thats all. and species is a word used to describe compatible breeders. if 2 things can breed they are the same species
EastTexassurvival Il y a 13 jours
So...…...a Donkey and a horse are the same species?...……...just blew you up there.
Gordon Daniel
Gordon Daniel Il y a 13 jours
I wonder if it's possible they didn't interbreed at all but rather are connected on a family tree. If natural selection happens would not the mutation have essentially the same dna as the parent? I'm not an expert, but I do find it interesting.
Ding Dong
Ding Dong Il y a 4 heures
I dont belive all the Neanderthals and homosepians breeded together. How many times did they fight against each other. I think homosepians have been around since the Jurassic age.
Jackson V
Jackson V Il y a 4 heures
Those holes in the top of some of the skulls were evidence that a surgery was performer to get demons out.
BlackSuave44 Il y a 8 heures
Am I the only one annoyed by him saying 'Neander TALLS'?? I'm pretty sure it's OK to include the 'h' in Neanderthals.
Piblu Il y a 20 heures
What a funny and delusional claim to make, that there's only one species of sapiens living on this planet today.
Feiner Fug
Feiner Fug Il y a 12 heures
Piblu, well, do you know of another?
MusicIsSoMuchFun Piano
And that's why some of us can swim in the arctic ocean in winter, while others can run 4:00 miles for a marathon in the heat. The end...
Berad Casteel
Berad Casteel Il y a jour
oldcowbb Il y a jour
imagine how bad racism will be if other hominin still exist
Feiner Fug
Feiner Fug Il y a 11 heures
That would be „speciesism“, then :-)
zoky Zura
zoky Zura Il y a 2 jours
Wow this videos tell you so much about whole lot of nothing.
ZERO TWO Eto Il y a 2 jours
i am not alone i got my mama
Eli Amos
Eli Amos Il y a 2 jours
Neanderthals On Corsica Cool!!
Hero4fun Il y a 2 jours
I think my neighbour is a neanderthal, he looks exactly like the description from this video. Why should I do? Should I Call the police or capture him myself, show him to the world and win a nobel price?
Craig Banholzer
Craig Banholzer Il y a 2 jours
Is there a reason that the family tree is upside down in this presentation? At first, it seemed to represent two groups integrating in recent times.
Shen Support
Shen Support Il y a 2 jours
I cannot stand when he calls them neandertalls when they are short. It is neanderTHALS not talls.
Tom Fuller
Tom Fuller Il y a 2 jours
PBS could mess up a one naked man parade in a ghost town.
sherman squires
sherman squires Il y a 2 jours
Have we really discovered fossils of Neanderthals? They are found in stone, right?
PRO TACTICS Il y a 2 jours
Is he pronouncing it as Neander-tall haha I cant hear the thal 'f' ....NeanderTHal.. tank you for reading my comment
Skyler Arroniz
Skyler Arroniz Il y a 3 jours
Waite so the neanderthals mated with other humanoids in Siberia so then who are their ancestors. Where they already their or did they migrate? If they where already there then this whole life stared in Africa is not completely correct
Sterling Pickens
Sterling Pickens Il y a 3 jours
Which other humanoids/hominins, besides neanderthals and denisovans, did we interbreed with ? How many different humanoids/hominins lived during the same time as us ? it seems like it's not explored, but "others" is mentioned.
windeen Il y a 3 jours
I don't get why people sometimes call them: NeanderTAL, when there is an "H" in it. Why put the ham H there if its silent.
Beauty Waters
Beauty Waters Il y a 2 jours
English at It's finest 😒😂
rationalguy Il y a 4 jours
Pretty sure I have perhaps a bit more Neanderthal admixture than many. Northern European. prominent brow ridges. receding chin. Basically a troll.
Tommy Davies
Tommy Davies Il y a 4 jours
we aren't the only ones there is so much complication and congregation and dilemmas all affecting the bigger picture
Tom Downer
Tom Downer Il y a 4 jours
I wonder if, say, the Neanderthals weren't completely wiped out, that we would have still bred with them enough that we'd end up merging our species together?
J. Brice
J. Brice Il y a 5 jours
i thought homo sapiens hunted the Neanderthals to the brink of extinction
The Skipper
The Skipper Il y a 5 jours
He’s dressed like a 7 year old boy on the first day of school.
Nicholas Garcia
Nicholas Garcia Il y a 2 jours
Ngl i think his fit drip drop 😂
PiousMoltar Il y a 5 jours
"No evidence of violence" You know what humans are like right? Look at all the wars that have been fought in known history. Now throw another SPECIES of human into the mix. One that seemed to live a hunter gatherer lifestyle. Duh.
Bodfishblues Il y a 5 jours
What about Bigfoot?
A.D.Prayer Il y a 5 jours
Do an updated episode about the village of pureblood Neanderthals Fountain deep in Siberia.
Mimas Impersonator
Mimas Impersonator Il y a 3 jours
Asian Apparition
Asian Apparition Il y a 5 jours
So this is the fault of our most kinky ancestors: Homo Erectus
Pseudo Pulk
Pseudo Pulk Il y a 5 jours
Rafael Galano
Rafael Galano Il y a 6 jours
What about the Homo Luzonensis found in the Philippines? Uranium dating says it's way older than those early humans from Africa.
Devix Il y a 6 jours
BTW that Africans have NO DNA from Neanderthals MAY be wrong since we know some homo sapiens actually left Europe and returned to Africa. More research is needed here but there might be populations with Neanderthal DNA in Africa too, just FYI.
Joe mama
Joe mama Il y a 6 jours
I can’t lie I wish time travel was real so I could go back in time and see the first humans
gummy gwyn
gummy gwyn Il y a 4 jours
Just don't sneeze nor cough anywhere near them
Ricky All Around Fisherman
So are we all hybrids?
drevni kocur
drevni kocur Il y a 7 jours
Krixx Set
Krixx Set Il y a 7 jours
Sub-saharan africans contain admixture from ancient hominids not found in any other human population. Given the fact they contain no neanderthal DNA this seriously calls into question the "out of africa hypothesis....
Kidddkc 4100
Kidddkc 4100 Il y a 7 jours
What about Australia?
Sean Wellman
Sean Wellman Il y a 7 jours
What's crazy is if you keep an open eye you'll get all this from every ancient religion and beliefs . Just different names and labels in each religion and beliefs
JN_Ghost_Art Il y a 8 jours
@PBS Eons if breeding with neanderthals kept europeans alive, how did people from africa end up with the same blood clotting ability, and lived on with the same abilities as europeans?
Mr. Mercury
Mr. Mercury Il y a 8 jours
So basically Neanderthals were more effective animals but less effective sentient life forms. Gotcha.
R.S. Marcus
R.S. Marcus Il y a 8 jours
I wonder if any Denisovan genes exist in the African tribes that have given us the most amazing marathoners and long distance runners? They have a miraculous physical makeup like no other modern humans.
steve154life Il y a 8 jours
I figured that Neanderthal had a form of art that waz of clothing and jewelry. First time seening a Neanderthal necklace, amazing it haz survived
Chris Ackerley
Chris Ackerley Il y a 8 jours
All of us know people who clearly are descended from a more primitive branch of the human tree!
sephirotic87 Il y a 9 jours
You keep saying "different species", isn't one of the main definition of species being abe to breed fertile offspring? If neandertal and humans crossbreed than they weren't different species, but different subspecies. This whole video is very confusing in this regard.
sephirotic87 Il y a 9 jours
Nevermind, just saw the sticky comment.
Tim Baralis
Tim Baralis Il y a 9 jours
There was probably a disease carried by modern homo sapiens that wiped out the neanderthals. After all, when Europeans arrived in North America smallpox decimated the native population of the continent. There were up to 90% death rates involved. It is plausible that could have happened with the neanderthals as well.
sevengance Il y a 9 jours
So sub Saharan Africans are pure human ???
CAN KILLER Il y a 9 jours
Hey, I'm from Portugal and I can assure you that there's still some Neanderthals living here 😅
oskey Il y a 10 jours
Neanderthals as well as Denisovans were simply assimilated over time given that Homo Sapiens were more numerous.
Kakhi Sanikidze
Kakhi Sanikidze Il y a 10 jours
For a second I thought what it would be like if there were different species of humans on earth today but I quickly gave up. We are all humans inhabiting this planet but people still don’t treat each other equally because of racial differences.
SFjarhead Il y a 10 jours
I am asking this question out of total ignorance and I apologize if it comes across confrontational or racists, as that is not my intent... I see a lot of videos trying to explain the origin of "Species" and explanations for genes existing or not existing, but I haven't seen anything objectively scientific to explain the origin of "Race". Let's face it, what we call "race" does have its differences, how are scientists addresses the origins of those differences?
Michael Maddox
Michael Maddox Il y a 11 jours
They were killed and chose/forced to breed with us more often. We were probably more sexually desirable and in some cases they just lost the war because of the lack of numbers. (my guess)
mausalus09 Il y a 11 jours
7:35; Molar and Long Bone, no pinky....
LizardMane Il y a 11 jours
He said "Knee-And-Her-Talls"
Cityoftrashcans Is trash
Cityoftrashcans Is trash Il y a 11 jours
If more then one species of human existed in modern day there would be wars waged over species and discrimination. Then, if you had 2 legs ima have children with ya.
Kelechi Agu
Kelechi Agu Il y a 11 jours
Does this mean that the "one human race" phrase isn't factually correct?
Sami Rami
Sami Rami Il y a 11 jours
So basically the real human are sub-Saharan africa people and the hybrids are everyone else !
Dennis Morrison
Dennis Morrison Il y a 11 jours
They still live, we used to have one on my job at an auto plant I worked at and he could speak like a modern human. Never let others tell you what is because you can only trust yourself.
John Wayne
John Wayne Il y a 12 jours
When did life first see???
Army Animal Nerd MyDays
Army Animal Nerd MyDays Il y a 12 jours
Evolution with all its science and evidence:🌍 Christians: 🖕
Iron Mountain
Iron Mountain Il y a 12 jours
Not even one mention of the the Cro-magnon! I’m disappointed. #Croslivesmatter
Intel finally GETS it!