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How Kodak Exposed The Atomic Bomb

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Kodak detected the first atomic bomb before anyone else figured it out. Then they made a deal not to tell anyone. Thanks to HBO Max, and their new show raised by Wolves for sponsoring this video! rb.gy/alghwn
Thanks to Uranium: Twisting the Dragon's Tail for the opening clip: www.pbs.org/show/uranium-twisting-dragons-tail/
References:
Albuquerque Tribune Bulletin, July 16, 1945 - www.marshallfoundation.org/library/documents/albuquerque-tribune-bulletin-16-july-1945/
Webb, J. H. (1949). The fogging of photographic film by radioactive contaminants in cardboard packaging materials. Physical Review, 76(3), 375.
Julian Webb at Oak Ridge - Snavely, B. B. (1989). Julian H. Webb. PhT, 42(7), 87.physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1063/1.2811100
Radium in watch dials - www.epa.gov/radtown/radioactivity-antiques
A 1958 video about how Kodak film is made, noting the careful monitoring of radioactive contaminants - frvid.com/video/vid%C3%A9o-9qjBJOFImaU.html&ab_channel=OwenMorgan
Radioactive fallout in 1951 - www.nytimes.com/1951/02/03/archives/increased-radiation-found-in-east-laid-to-atom-tests-held-harmless.html?searchResultPosition=20
1998 senate hearing - www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/CHRG-105shrg44045/html/CHRG-105shrg44045.htm
Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1999. Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi.org/10.17226/6283. www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/radiation/i131-report-and-appendix
Baby Teeth Survey - Reiss, L. Z. (1961). Strontium-90 absorption by deciduous teeth. Science, 134(3491), 1669-1673.
Strontium 90 and Cancer rates - Gould, J. M., Sternglass, E. J., Sherman, J. D., Brown, J., McDonnell, W., & Mangano, J. J. (2000). Strontium-90 in deciduous teeth as a factor in early childhood cancer. International Journal of Health Services, 30(3), 515-539.
Wine forensics - Hubert, P., Perrot, F., Gaye, J., Médina, B., & Pravikoff, M. S. (2009). Radioactivity measurements applied to the dating and authentication of old wines. Comptes Rendus Physique, 10(7), 622-629. doi:10.1016/j.crhy.2009.08.007
Strontium 90 in forensics - Maclaughlin-Black, S. M., Herd, R. J., Willson, K., Myers, M., & West, I. E. (1992). Strontium-90 as an indicator of time since death: a pilot investigation. Forensic science international, 57(1), 51-56.
Research and Writing by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev, and Jonny Hyman
Filmed and edited by Derek Muller
Animations by Iván Tello and Jonny Hyman
Music by Jonny Hyman
Additional Music from:
Epidemic Sound epidemicsound.com "Seaweed"
Kevin MacLeod incompetech.com "Lightless dawn"
Craig Conrad www.craigconard.com/royaltyfree "ASTRAL"

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16 sept. 2020

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Commentaires 100
Johan Bos
Johan Bos Il y a heure
How nice of the US to stop fallout at the Canadian border......
PO G
PO G Il y a heure
Dear Mr. Host, have you ever heard of dry cleaners or a device called an "iron"?
NeonJohn
NeonJohn Il y a 2 heures
A few corrections by an actual nuke. Radium does NOT glow unless there is a massive enough quantity to cause Cerencov radiation (blue light generated when a particle exceeds the speed of light in the medium, in this case, air. an optical shock wave) Even then the glow is faint. Radium dials and watches glowed brightly because the radium is mixed with silver-activated zinc sulfide. ZnS absorbs an alpha particle, is excited to a higher energy state and when it falls back to the ground energy state, it gives off that characteristic green glow. Regarding alleged deaths from I-131 contamination of milk, the 8000 excess deaths were determined by using the long discredited Linear No Threshold (LNT). Here is an analogy I like to use to show how silly this theory is. Suppose I took a bullet and gently tapped you on the chest until I had delivered 1000 ft-lbs. Other than being annoyed, you'd still be perfectly alive and OK. If I delivered that same energy all at once as a rifle shot to the chest, you'd be dead. The LNT says that any amount of radiation, regardless of the speed delivered (dose rate) is harmful. So back to our analogy. Using the LNT theory, after I had tapped your chest enough to deliver 1000 ft-lbs, you'd be dead. Absurd, isn't it. I could find no raw data on the net so I did a few back-of-the-matchbook calculations and using a Gaussian distribution of the dose delivered to the children, I estimate the true death rate to be less than 500, probably less than 200. The panty-wetters will whine that "that's 200 too many". I wonder what the death and disablement statistics were for Polio back then. The model that best fits the evidence is the radiation hormesis theory. This theory states that low level radiation exposure, especially if it is chronic, is actually good for the person. There is a threshold above which the radiation again becomes harmful. Probably the greatest example of this is the famous radioactive high rise apartments in Taiwan. A cancer therapy source had been illegally disposed of in a scrap metal stream. This scrap was melted and extruded into I-beams. Several high rise apartment buildings were built from these I-beams. The radiation dose was very high. It was discovered about 10 years (about 2 half-lives for cobalt-60) later when an occupant took a roll of film to be developed but the radiation had fogged it to black. Google "Taiwan radioactive buildings" for more info. The interesting thing was, when they studied the population, some of which had lived there the entire 10 years, the cancer rates of all types were DRAMATICALLY lower than the general population. The LNT still hangs on simply because so many people are making so much money from it.
antony lawson
antony lawson Il y a 3 heures
OMG I just got the fallout3 trinity tower reference after 14 years
Dorthy Anderson
Dorthy Anderson Il y a 6 heures
the government protected rolls of film, but not the lives of our kids. there is something wrong with this picture. man, the level of the puns back then was really something else. respect.
Ricardo Pesenti
Ricardo Pesenti Il y a 8 heures
Seeing the bomb peak in samples is really interesting. It's amazing how low in concentration those atoms can be detected.
Sarthak Roy
Sarthak Roy Il y a 8 heures
Oh the US govt never ceases to amuse me!
Viper
Viper Il y a 8 heures
So what you’re telling me is I can grow my bones into claws like Wolverine?
wannabeMLGpro
wannabeMLGpro Il y a 9 heures
I also have tritium in my system. Humble brag
Joseph
Joseph Il y a 9 heures
I'm suprised kodak black did such a thing
Thomas Neumaier
Thomas Neumaier Il y a 10 heures
At first I thought this video was going to be about how Kodak got the correct light exposure when filming the first nuclear bomb
Ivan Yagin
Ivan Yagin Il y a 11 heures
Do you remember the scene when Ulana Khomyuk notices there's something wrong with a measurement equipment and she starts the call chain "hey, girl, watafak, do you see what i see?"
Boomix
Boomix Il y a 12 heures
long story short. US goverment kills his own childs, contanimate own food supply and destroys companies. great job USA.
LeicaM11
LeicaM11 Il y a 14 heures
Is he Sick Boy at Tehran?
Flame P
Flame P Il y a 15 heures
Marie Curie: radiation sucks and has horrible biological effects United States: so anyways lets drop over a thousand nuclear bombs near large cities and not tell anyone where the fun particles are going
Bear Grylls
Bear Grylls Il y a 17 heures
So the US govt was harming it's own citizens by testing bombs made to harm citizens of other countries, 👍
fla playa
fla playa Il y a 17 heures
Very good episode
Haywood Jablohmi
Haywood Jablohmi Il y a 19 heures
"It's Nucular" Homer Simpson voice
Dr. M
Dr. M Il y a 22 heures
Kodak also exposed the fake moon landing.
Chris F
Chris F Il y a jour
It is pronounced TAYMUH ;)
Terri Gomez
Terri Gomez Il y a jour
6:15 : Scientists: -"Soooo.... We need to test these bombs close to the east coast. Otherwise we'll contaminate whole country." Government: -"Ok, got it! West coast it is!"
IzYeBoi :D
IzYeBoi :D Il y a jour
My 20 IQ brain thought "Kodak" was supposed to be Kodak Black. Smh.
Nandan Lele
Nandan Lele Il y a jour
So does that means US done damage to themselves, before Hiroshima Nagasaki?
faasd fer
faasd fer Il y a jour
US Government: secretly tests first nuke Kodak: Something's wrong, I can feel it
K narf
K narf Il y a jour
Great, I was born in 64. I wonder what joys are yet to manifest for me.
Samantha Glocker
Samantha Glocker Il y a jour
oh "exposed"!! 😂 I see what u did there 😂
OFFtheCHIZANE
OFFtheCHIZANE Il y a jour
When I read the title of the video I thought it meant ‘how they photographed the atomic bomb’ ... which would also make an interesting video
Sreeharshan Chemmani
Top notch content, no less.
Neku
Neku Il y a jour
no wonder so many people got cancer in the US, I thought they just got cancer from tik toks
schmoborama
schmoborama Il y a jour
Dude this title is saying "How Kodak got the right exposure to photograph the atomic bomb explosion"
Suzanne Rhodes
Suzanne Rhodes Il y a jour
A whole different reason for people born after 1945 to be called "boomers".
Danny J
Danny J Il y a jour
Literally the only thing I wish you did was explain how you get to the rabbit hole that is learning these wild stories
eric garner
eric garner Il y a jour
The hardest thing for me to wrap my mind around is that the United States has detonated over 1,000 nuclear bombs. I think it's easy to perceive that there have been only a handful, the ones dropped in World War II and a few tests since, but that's far from the truth. Close to 2,000 nuclear bombs have ever been detonated globally that we know of. That's a lot of radiation.
Bob Church
Bob Church Il y a jour
In Under the Cloud the author Richard Miller claims that agencies all over the US were ordered to test for fallout but just about the only place that detected it was Kodak. His conclusion that air currents are so bizarre that the fallout was whisked from out west to Rochester New York without touching down anywhere else. Personally, I suspect the reality was that Kodak couldn't ignore the fallout and the other agencies figured they had better things to do and turned in false reports if any. I figure we all got dusted but Kodak couldn't ignore it since it was ruining their film.
Bortzchii
Bortzchii Il y a jour
you look like Elliot Rogers lol
Simon Howard
Simon Howard Il y a 2 jours
kinda scary really, don't you think?
Tristan Romanov
Tristan Romanov Il y a 2 jours
I'd love to call the making of this video accidentally coincident with world events, but I can't be that stupid. Bless you, Veritasium.
Aaron D
Aaron D Il y a 2 jours
Here's a neat fact ...some older camera lenses, 40s and into 70s I believe, have a thorium coating. Placed on unexposed x-ray film in a dark closet will produce a similar effect. I happen to have one of these old lenses, made in the late 40s. Also, I lived in northern Iowa, Charles City, for a couple of years back around 2000. I found it odd at the number of people 60 and older who had cancer, thyroid problems, and even developmental issues. In a town of
brandon west
brandon west Il y a 2 jours
Well they exposed it both literally and figuratively
Spencer Paschal
Spencer Paschal Il y a 2 jours
The amount of ads in this video gives me a new appreciation for my time
Exodus23
Exodus23 Il y a 2 jours
I'm waking up, I feel it in my bones Enough to make my systems blow Welcome to the new age, to the new age Welcome to the new age, to the new age Whoa, oh, oh, oh, oh, whoa, oh, oh, oh, I'm radioactive, radioactive Whoa, oh, oh, oh, oh, whoa, oh, oh, oh, I'm radioactive, radioactive - Radioactive Imagine Dragons
Hoody1147
Hoody1147 Il y a 2 jours
8:38 UUGHHHHHHHHHH I WANT TO DIE! (Awesome video also! lol)
Timmy Mallia
Timmy Mallia Il y a 2 jours
quality content
Alexander Berg
Alexander Berg Il y a 2 jours
Is that the correct way to pronunce Hirosima?
Tim Roll
Tim Roll Il y a 2 jours
It adds a new meaning to the Atomic Age.
Joshua Plays
Joshua Plays Il y a 2 jours
Even people in a completely different continent
Aidan Legler
Aidan Legler Il y a 2 jours
there is a comic/grahic novel about this
Wes Johnston
Wes Johnston Il y a 2 jours
Amazing how the fallout just "stopped" at the Canadian border. That sure is lucky for those living in Saskatchewan.
PUB WIE
PUB WIE Il y a 2 jours
I don't know how you find these topics, but your work is amazing. Would it be possible to do the radiation effect of the Fukushima nuclear disaster?
Kim Jong-un
Kim Jong-un Il y a 2 jours
Me: *takes notes*
Avery the Cuban-American
"in New York State" Me, a New Yorker: *I'm in a New York state of mind*
AlbanianKidd
AlbanianKidd Il y a 2 jours
Kodak black?
TheJerbol
TheJerbol Il y a 3 jours
The title made me think that this was just a video about the challenges of properly exposing film of an atomic explosion. Was pleasantly surprised, but the title could be more specific
elmowhak
elmowhak Il y a 3 jours
poor rabit at 8:50 ..they just prove how human are selfish and cruel..
badreality2
badreality2 Il y a 3 jours
One thing he fails to mention, is that a shorter half-life means a STRONGER radioactive emitter. This is why it is confirmed that Iodine caused throat cancer, and it is assumed that strontium made the same amount of deaths, if not more, when in reality, strontium probably killed less people. It STILL killed people, but to a lesser extent. ...it's the same reason why thorium will most-likely never make you sick, but plutonium will.
Some Asian Dude
Some Asian Dude Il y a 3 jours
The entire US government hid a nuclear explosion from everyone except for a camera film maker because their paper was exposed
Vagabond
Vagabond Il y a 3 jours
Can i sue the USA government?
Dane Parker
Dane Parker Il y a 3 jours
Video: Kodak figured out the secret of the atomic bomb themselves. Also video @ 5:17 : Oh, BTW, Kodak had someone who _worked on the Manhattan Project_ on their payroll. Me: 🤔
Neal Head
Neal Head Il y a 3 jours
I can't believe the callous audacity of those evil men to name it THAT. 😠 I WAS BORN IN 1963 AND I HAVE VERY BAD TEETH 😡😡😡😡
Avik Saha
Avik Saha Il y a 3 jours
USA :- don't dare think of bombing us Also USA :- Bombs themselves shouting This is science (Sparta reference)
Swastik . Biswas
Swastik . Biswas Il y a 3 jours
No Wonder Kodak , one of the reigning company doesn't exist today
Blue Traveller
Blue Traveller Il y a 3 jours
Looking at the fallout map I noticed that it seems to correlate with states that voted for Trump... looks like there was some considerable brain damage from the radiation, after all.
Frederic Schmitt
Frederic Schmitt Il y a 3 jours
This is madness. Also because of the soundtrack and the content watching this video feels like watching an SCP-Fondation video. Creepy.
GKS Midwest
GKS Midwest Il y a 3 jours
This is an awesome and informative video, thanks for distracting me from the current political climate. It's greatly appreciated.
Opinionist
Opinionist Il y a 3 jours
We're all gonna die and admitting it might be our salvation. Just pestering you, mate. We're all fine.
John Boudreaux
John Boudreaux Il y a 4 jours
So I'm technically radioactive Nice
ThatCuteDino
ThatCuteDino Il y a 4 jours
...Who detonates an atomic bomb at 5:30 in the morning?
Soysaucer
Soysaucer Il y a 4 jours
another big reason the US government chose Nevada for nuclear testing was the amount of federally owned land, most of Nevada and surrounding areas are federally owned and in the middle of a desert vs the east coast which has much less government owned land away from heavily populated areas
Mac MashPotato
Mac MashPotato Il y a 4 jours
Shows how much the government cares about its people.
Just Some Guy without a Mustache
To think that humanity developed these things, just to kill other humans. We'll be extinct as a species sooner rather than later.
Robert French
Robert French Il y a 3 jours
They've saved more lives than they killed, believe it or not.
Swastik . Biswas
Swastik . Biswas Il y a 3 jours
do need some radiation to get back your moustache?
Bob Wagnon
Bob Wagnon Il y a 4 jours
I was always under the impression most nuclear tests were done at Bikini Atol far out in the Pacific Ocean, is
Craig Wall
Craig Wall Il y a jour
Those were the Hydrogen Bomb tests. Most of the fission weapons were tested in Nevada until the ban on above ground testing.
Stephen Monken
Stephen Monken Il y a 4 jours
In the mid 60's my family was driving from Los Angeles to Big Bear Lake late at night on a Friday. It was our chance to beat traffic and get some more time in the mountains. I was awake and talking to my dad as he drove. We had reached the summit on highway 38, where it crosses over the range and heads into the valley, when we saw the entire sky light up in the distance. I asked him what that was and he guessed it was an atomic test near Las Vegas. I have not seen another sight like that again. Thank God.
Down The Rabbit Hole
Down The Rabbit Hole Il y a 4 jours
Radium doesn't glow. The particles released by the radioactive decay of radium causes radioluminescence in, you guessed it, radioluminescent compounds known as "phosphors". The best known types are copper-activated zinc sulfide and silver-activated zinc sulfide. Phosphors are often transition-metal compounds or rare-earth compounds of various types. In inorganic phosphors, these inhomogeneities in the crystal structure are created usually by addition of a trace amount of dopants, impurities called activators.
M
M Il y a 4 jours
We are evolving, just sideways
Pedro Marin
Pedro Marin Il y a 4 jours
Im so happy that you have sponsorship from a big company ♥, science channels tend to not be very commercial friendly
Ian Park
Ian Park Il y a 4 jours
I kept waiting, thinking this was going to be about how Kodak took a picture of a nuclear explosion
Ian Park
Ian Park Il y a 4 jours
I guess in some ways it was...
Tobias Petersen
Tobias Petersen Il y a 4 jours
Does anyone know where can you find the episodes of the dragons tail documentaries ?
Bruce Havelka
Bruce Havelka Il y a 4 jours
Gosh, our government at work for US and making well calculated and righteous decisions for our wellbeing. Does that have a familiar face?
Palanthis
Palanthis Il y a 4 jours
The story: "A nuclear war would wipe out the entire planet!!!" The reality: Since 1945, over 2000 atomic weapons have been detonated around the world and... Meh.
Mark Kennedy
Mark Kennedy Il y a 3 jours
Yes, since 1945, but spread out over 45 years. Explode those 2,000 in an exchange between nuclear powers, over about 1 hour, and you better have a well constructed underground shelter ready, because the fallout from that will reach levels of 10,000 rads in some areas. Even a minute or two would give you a lethal dose at that rate. Which we saw when Chernobyl exploded, and the liquidators were sent to the roof to shovel off the graphite moderator which surrounded the core. They were permitted 30 seconds I believe, or 1 minute maybe, and that was enough to kill a lot of them.
Valdemar Hoejlund
Valdemar Hoejlund Il y a 3 jours
In 1986, there were over 70000 active nuclear warheads. In the event of nuclear war, highly populated areas would be targeted, leading to much more damage, and the bombs would be detonated in a very short amount of time, leading to nuclear winter and mass famine. However, you are most likely right that humanity wouldn't be wiped out, It would just be a very great setback.
gummibando
gummibando Il y a 4 jours
Exposed … I see what you did there ;)
Alex Cicelsky
Alex Cicelsky Il y a 4 jours
Does it appears that the current administration's Covid-19 containment policy is similar to the perspective of the US Atomic Energy Commission during above ground testing of nuclear bombs and their fallout across the country?
Ian Oliver
Ian Oliver Il y a 4 jours
Very good. Thank you.
Mhd Daoud Ajek
Mhd Daoud Ajek Il y a 4 jours
And ...... None of this is considered crimes against humanity???????
Mortis pithlord
Mortis pithlord Il y a 4 jours
The worrying thing is all governments treat their citizens like guinea pigs. Not just Nukes but biological stuff too. In WW2 a plane in the UK flew from Warboys ( Norfolk area ) to Cornwall dropping bio weaponry tests.. fairly recently deassified. I might have the flight path a bit wrong but deff a diagonal flight corridor of mid east to south west.
motoservo
motoservo Il y a 4 jours
It's rare I find some little nugget of new, profound, information about our world. Thanks for sharing. #thingsthatmakeyougohmmm
Aleem Johnson
Aleem Johnson Il y a 4 jours
Always good to know the US government poisoned almost the entire US population
iseey0u0
iseey0u0 Il y a 4 jours
Now go be a patriot
iVenom
iVenom Il y a 4 jours
10:05 "theres something wrong with this picture" no theres not because they warned the photograph companies XD
PleXi
PleXi Il y a 5 jours
7:25 Did it stop at the border :) ?
altamiradorable
altamiradorable Il y a 5 jours
Nice to see that radiation in the atmosphere stopped at the Canadian border ! After a report like that, how can one not believe in conspiration theories !
Joe Miller
Joe Miller Il y a 5 jours
DUDE YOU HAVE A '59 PONTIAC, MY DREAM CAR
Tamás Prileszky
Tamás Prileszky Il y a 5 jours
Don't drink that Bordeaux yet! You have to let the radioisotope decay modes mellow.
crimony
crimony Il y a 5 jours
It was the cold war and we had to win it. Just ask the retarded children who were subjected to dangerous cosmetic surgeries to make them appear as aliens.
Jonatan Glz Hdz
Jonatan Glz Hdz Il y a 5 jours
this is the third time i watch this video, and i am just as facinated watching it now as in the first time i watch it , only quality content and pure dedication can do this, keep it up with the awesome content.
DeGruyter Craig
DeGruyter Craig Il y a 5 jours
I am such a massive fan of yours!!! Keep up the awesome work!!
Neil Nelson
Neil Nelson Il y a 5 jours
Good add for California dairy
Charles Peter Watson
Charles Peter Watson Il y a 5 jours
With all that nuclear weaponry and only two bombs were ever used, you wonder why we spend so much on defense.
joe higgins
joe higgins Il y a 5 jours
I wonder what's being tested nowadays that they're not telling us about.
Scott Hix
Scott Hix Il y a 5 jours
Totally read exposed as "take picture" vs exposed as "reveal to world"
A Koala with Shades
A Koala with Shades Il y a 5 jours
Wait, is this world wide or just the USA? He says "we" but his audience is very international.
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